Brakes and Dynamometer

Brakes

“An article stays in its condition of rest or moving until and except if followed upon by an outside power” Newton’s first law of movement, this law by Sir Isaac Newton offered ascend to the advancement of slowing mechanism in a car, building up a car vehicle requires the power source, as well as the productive stopping mechanism as higher the drive higher, will be the brake power required to stop or decelerate that vehicle.

This idea offered to ascend to numerous examines in the field of braking and results in its advancement because of which today we have adaptability in picking an appropriate slowing mechanism as per our need.

So allows simply to start our article with the interest in the different sorts of slowing mechanisms.

In a car vehicle, a slowing mechanism is a game plan of different linkages and parts (brake lines or mechanical linkages, brake drum or brake plate, ace chamber or supports and so forth) that are organized in such a design, that it changes over the vehicle’s motor vitality into the warmth vitality which thus stops or decelerates the vehicle.

Dynamometer

A dynamometer is a torque and brake energy measuring device needed to drive a powered machine.

dynamometer
By Mikelantis – Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=15453620


Two kinds of dynamometers can be widely categorized. They are:

  1. Dynamometers for energy absorption: energy absorption dynamometers evaluate and collect the energy yield of the engine they are connected to. The transferred energy is generally dissipated by some means as heat.
    The Prony dynamometer, Rope dynamometer, the Eddy current dynamometer, Hydraulic Dynamometer, etc. are examples of energy absorption dynamometers.
  2. Power transmission dynamometers: Power is transferred to a load connected to the motor after it is stated on a certain scale in power transmission dynamometers.

The seambreaker, as shown below, is another instrument for the measurement of the motor’s brake energy. The rotational drum mounted on the output shaft comprises a few rotations of cable wounds.

A spring balance is linked to one side of the rope and a charging unit on the other hand. The force between the seal and the drum is absorbed in the friction. There is, therefore, a need for drum cooling in the rope

torque
Prony Brack

Rope brake dynamometer

The rope brake is also a tool for evaluating the brake energy of a motor as shown in the following figure.

rope dynamometer

The rotational drum mounted on the output shaft comprises a few rotations of cable wounds. A spring balance is linked to one side of the rope and a charging unit on the other hand.

The force between the seal and the drum is absorbed in the friction. There is, therefore, a need for drum cooling in the rope brake.

Go to the next topic Governor | This page is the part of Free online course Theory of Machine

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